Ebola & Other Infectious Disease

Welcome to this week’s newsletter, brought to you by the Survive In Place Urban Survival Course.  The first, and still best, guide to get you prepared to survive short and medium term disasters in your current home, whether it’s because of a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or pandemic.  To learn more, go >HERE< now. 

Updates on Ebola include the passing of Thomas Eric Duncan who died of complications of the Ebola virus on Wednesday, October 8.  Duncan, as I’m sure you are already aware, was a Liberian who traveled to Dallas, Texas, fell ill with the virus and subsequently became the first diagnosed case of Ebola in the United States

Last week reader comments on the spread of Ebola indicated many are concerned about continued air travel from Ebola stricken hot zones in West Africa.  David and I have voiced the same opinion.  On Tuesday, October 2, the Los Angeles Times published an article written by David William, titled: Some Ebola experts worry virus may spread more easily than assumed

. . . which highlights the potential risk to air travelers and caregivers when the latest strain of Ebola has not been studied sufficiently to understand its transmission.

The article points out that someone who has contracted Ebola and wishes to seek medical care outside the belabored hot zones has options; apparently ones that have not been considered by CDC officials, as reflected in the following excerpt.  

One hundred percent of the individuals getting on planes are screened for fever before they get on the plane,” Friedan said Sept. 30. “And if they have a fever, they are pulled out of the line, assessed for Ebola, and don’t fly unless Ebola is ruled out.”

Individuals who have flown recently from one or more of the affected countries suggested that travelers could easily subvert the screening procedures — and might have incentive to do so: Compared with the depleted medical resources in the West African countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, the prospect of hospital care in the U.S. may offer an Ebola-exposed person the only chance to survive.

A person could pass body temperature checks performed at the airports by taking ibuprofen or any common analgesic. And prospective passengers have much to fear from identifying themselves as sick, said Kim Beer, a resident of Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, who is working to get medical supplies into the country to cope with Ebola.

“It is highly unlikely that someone would acknowledge having a fever, or simply feeling unwell,” Beer said via email. “Not only will they probably not get on the flight — they may even be taken to/required to go to a ‘holding facility’ where they would have to stay for days until it is confirmed that it is not caused by Ebola. That is just about the last place one would want to go.”

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On Tuesday, October 7, reporter Elodie Cuzin writes for AFP, Ebola contagion in Spain raises fears for EuropeThe following is an excerpt. 

Madrid (AFP) – Fears grew Tuesday that the Ebola epidemic was spreading outside Africa after three more people were isolated in Spain following the infection of a nurse in a Madrid hospital.

The EU demanded answers about how the disease could have spread in Spain’s most specialist unit treating Ebola where the nurse cared for two elderly Spanish missionaries who died from the virus after being flown home from west Africa.

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Although Ebola should be watched closely, and prepared for, there are other diseases we should be aware of.

As David discussed in this article >HERE< there are several diseases coming across the US southern border right now, including MRSA (drug resistant staph), scabies, chicken pox, polio, tuberculosis, measles, dengue fever, leprosy, H1N1, chikungunya, and possibly more, including and Enterovirus 68.

Today’s post will cover enterovirus, MRSA, chikungunya, and H1Ni that are being brought into the U.S. through our porous borders, as well as several diseases that could flare up should our healthcare system break down.

Having a healthy immune system can help you avoid the flu and other diseases.  David goes into detail in Urban Survival Guide, but for now I’ll highlight some of what he included in his lesson series.

One of the easiest ways to stay healthy is free!  Spend 15 minutes a day in the sun, without sunscreen, for vitamin D.   Avoid sugar and processed food, get plenty of rest, de-stress through prayer or meditation, exercise,  eat fish for omega 3 or take high quality fish oil or krill oil,  wash your hands thoroughly throughout the day, and eat garlic often if you are able to. 

Taking probiotics, echinacea, and astragalus will help boost your immune system.  Limit caffeine and don’t smoke.  Use a paper towel when opening a bathroom door after washing and drying your hands and carry your own pen to sign documents to avoid being exposed. 

Enterovisus D68

There is currently an outbreak of enterovirus D68 that is associated with severe respiratory illness, specifically in children. From mid august to October 9, 2014, 678 cases of enterovirus have been reported in 46 states, which has led to 5 deaths.  Currently the U.S. does not have a vaccine for the enterovirus.

The CDC is investigating 10 cases in Colorado of children who were hospitalized with symptoms of  muscle weakness or paralysis in their arms or legs.  The investigation will test for poliovirus, West Nile virus, and enterovirus.  The CDC advises for parents and children to wash hands frequently with soap and water, stay away from sick people, and disinfect objects that a sick person has touched. The virus can be spread by touching or shaking the hand of someone with the virus, touching objects or surfaces that have the virus on them, and changing the diapers of an infected child.  The virus can be spread by a cough or sneeze. Washing hands thoroughly with soap and water before touching the eyes, nose or mouth will reduce contracting the virus.  Nursing mothers who suspect they have contracted the enterovirus should seek medical advice.  

The following was taken from the CDC on the treatment of the enterovirus:

  • There is no specific treatment for people with respiratory illness caused by EV-D68.
  • For mild respiratory illness, you can help relieve symptoms by taking over-the-counter medications for pain and fever. Aspirin should not be given to children.
  • Some people with severe respiratory illness may need to be hospitalized.
  • There are no antiviral medications currently available for people who become infected with EV-D68.

 MRSA

Incidents of MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) has increased in the U.S.  In 2011, the CDC reported 80,500 MRSA cases, but it’s estimated this represents only 20% of hospital related cases, and even fewer of clinic visits due to the lack of reporting. 

MSA can cause painful skin, boils, scalded-skin syndrome and impetigo and was once often contracted in hospital and healthcare facilities, however MRSA infection is on the increase in communities.  

The following can lead to MRSA infection: physical contact with someone with a draining cut or sore or someone who is a carrier of MRSA, IV drug use, sharing towels, uniforms, razors, or other personal items that hasn’t been washed, living in unsanitary conditions, contact sports, crowded conditions such as schools, prisons, military barracks, or homeless shelters is also attributed to the spread of MRSA. MRSA cases have been reported after swimming in fresh water and salt water.

Recently, there have been reports of rare strain of MRSA that causes bloodstream infections and pneumonia, which is 5 times more lethal than other strains and is sometimes resistant to antibiotics.  

The best way to avoid MRSA is by washing hands thoroughly throughout the day, and avoid direct contact with anyone who is infected.

Chikungunya Virus 

Chikungunya virus is crossing the border at an alarming rate.  From 2006 to 2013 there were an average of 28 cases of chikungunya reported in the US.  There have been over 1300 so far this year which occurred in over 40 states.

The symptoms of chikungunya are headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and rash.  Chikungunya does not typically lead to death, but newborns, adults over 65 and those with preexisting medical conditions are at higher risk.

Chikungunya is spread by mosquito bites and can be transferred from a mosquito biting someone infected and then infecting a person who is bitten by the same mosquito. There is no medicine available for chikungunya, but getting plenty of rest, drinking fluids and taking medicines such as inuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophen, or paracetamol will help alleviate fever and pain. 

Smallpox 

Although there hasn’t been a reported case of smallpox in the U.S. since 1949, it still remains a threat, because as of 2014, nearly 50% of Americans have not had a smallpox vaccination–which isn’t necessarily a choice, as the smallpox vaccine hasn’t been produced since 1980.  

Considering that Russia’s former deputy director of the Soviet Union’s civilian bio weapons program, Ken Alibek, admitted the Soviet government produced the smallpox virus in large quantities to adapt it for use in bombs and intercontinental ballistic weapons, the threat of smallpox is still a definite threat.  By international agreement, the lion’s share of the smallpox virus from the Soviets is being stored at CDC Atlanta headquarters. . . as well as Moscow. 

The following in an excerpt found in a CDC report, Smallpox: Clinical and Epidemiologic Features,  by D. A. Henderson: 

“However, as reported by the former deputy director of the Russian Bioweapons Program, officials of the former Soviet Union took notice of the world’s decision in 1980 to cease smallpox vaccination, and in the atmosphere of the cold war, they embarked on an ambitious plan to produce smallpox virus in large quantities and use it as a weapon. At least two other laboratories in the former Soviet Union are now reported to maintain smallpox virus, and one may have the capacity to produce the virus in tons at least monthly. Moreover, Russian biologists, like physicists and chemists, may have left Russia to sell their services to rogue governments.”

You may also want to read the study: Smallpox as a Biological Weapon–Medical and Public Health Management.

Smallpox is a viral disease specific to humans that has led to an estimated 300 to 500 million deaths worldwide since 10,000 BC.  In the United States, 100,000 cases of smallpox cases were reported in 1921, but by 1939, fewer than 50 Americans died each year of the disease due to the widespread use of preventive vaccines.  Many who survived smallpox suffered disfiguring pockmarks, blindness, and   in some cases, it led to infertility in males.  The disease is spread through the air by bodily fluids such as a cough or sneeze, is highly contagious, and has a fatality rate of 30 to 40%.   

The incubation period of smallpox is 12 to 14 days.  The sufferer of Smallpox is not contagious to others until the following symptoms appear: fever, discomfort, headache, fatigue, severe back pain and vomiting.  At the onset of symptoms,  the sufferer is mildly contagious to others.  It isn’t until the tell-tale smallpox rash appears on a the skin, which fill with fluid, that smallpox is the most contagious.  Until all smallpox scabs fall off, Smallpox patients remain contagious to others. 

Influenza H1N1 

Influenza ravaged the globe during the Great Influenza of 1918 (sometimes referred to as the Spanish Flu).  The death toll was estimated to be between 50 to 100 million worldwide, which took place in the span of one year until it ran its course. 

It is thought that an estimated 10 to 20 percent of those who were infected with the 1918 influenza died,  This strain of Influenza, H1N1 Avian Influenza A Virus, is believed to have come from birds, which mutated to pigs at a major troop staging and hospital in France near the end of World War 1.  

Since that time, H1N1 has become a reassorant–meaning it is now a mix of swine, bird and human flu viruses.  Some call it “Swine Flu’, others “Bird Flu”.  Many times, it’s refereed to as “H1N1 swine flu virus”, or just H1N1.  Confusing, to say the least!

A different strain, H7N9 bird flu occurred in China between March 31 through April 30, 2013, that led to 126 reported cases.  Influenza viruses mutate from flu season to flu season.   

Influenza virus can be type A or type B, of which type A has more severe symptoms that include fever, headache, dry cough, fatigue, muscle aches, sore throat and a runny nose.  Influenza is highly contagious, in part due to a  24 to 36 hours incubation period and because those infected with influenza can infect others one day before any symptoms occur and remain contagious from five to seven days after symptoms appear.   

In the United States, just one flu season can lead to 200,000 hospitalizations and up to 36,000 fatalities. 

Note: David’s recommendations can help you boost your immune system and avoid catching the flu.

Malaria 

It’s difficult to believe that in this day of modern technology, malaria continues to kill an average of 2 million people each year.   Sadly, children under the age of 5 and pregnant women are at highest risk.   

Malaria is transmitted by bite of the female Anopheles mosquito that transfers parasites via its saliva into the blood of humans.  The symptoms of malaria are fever, fatigue, chills, nausea and  vomiting,  which typically exhibits between ten to fifteen days.  Severe cases can lead to yellow skin, seizures, coma and death. If not treated, malaria can re-occur. 

The CDC continues to monitor malaria in the United States since it was successfully interrupted in the 1950’s, but because the Anopheles mosquito still exists in the U.S., the risk remains.  

Currently the hardest-hit areas for malaria are Africa and Asia–particularly in India and south-east Asia.

(David’s note:  One important thing to note is that mosquito abatement programs exist in most counties across the US and the active spraying for mosquitoes throughout the year helps tremendously with mosquito borne illnesses.  It would be great not to have all of those pesticides used, but the reduction in mosquitoes and the reduction in mosquito borne illnesses is worth it in most people’s minds.

And, remember, if there’s a catastrophic economic and/or grid disaster, mosquito abatement will go away.)

Cholera

The lack of treatment of drinking water and the safe disposal and treatment of human feces is directly attributed to cholera outbreak.  No geographical location is immune to cholera unless these needs are met.  In the early 1900’s, New York City suffered reoccurring cholera outbreaks as its population was  exposed to traders arriving from far-off ports, and city officials struggled with the safe disposal of refuse.  Added to the problem was the lack of medical understanding of the cause of cholera.

Since the advent of sewage treatment, chorea had been eradicated in the United States and other industrialized nations.

Cholera continues to effect between 3 to 5 million people each year, leading to 100,000 to 130,00 deaths, occurring most commonly in Africa, Southeast Asia and Haiti.  Soon after the 2010 Haitian earthquake, cases of cholera began to be reported, which ultimately led to 470,000 cases and 6,631 deaths, as reported by the CDC.  Since then, clean water has been restored to most of the Haitian people and the outbreak was reduced to below the WHO 1% standard.    

Cholera is caused by Vi bro cholera, a bacterium that secretes toxin in the small intestines, which can cause rapid loss of fluid.  It is spread by ingesting water or eating food that has been contaminated with fecal waste.  Infections can be mild, but around 5% of people exposed to cholera can have symptoms of sudden watery diarrhea, muscle cramps, thirst, vomiting and dehydration.  

Treatment of cholera is done by administering fluids and electrolytes which can be given orally or through I.V.  A short-term vaccine, once taken by travelers, is no longer available in the Untied States. However, antibiotics can be administered to someone with cholera, as well as those living in close proximity to someone who is infected.

During a cholera outbreak, water can be treated by boiling it for at least one full minute.  Another method is to use household bleach at a rate of 8 drops for each gallon of water.  The safe disposal of feces by burying it well away from a water source is a must to avoid cholera from contaminating water sources, and to avoid its spread through flying insects that can transmit contaminated fecal material.  Peel vegetables and fruit and do not eat raw food, including raw or undercooked shellfish.  Wash hands often with antibacterial soap to stop the spread of the disease.

Typhoid Fever 

Between 1918 and 1922 three million lost their lives to typhoid fever worldwide. In the United states, massive outbreaks of typhoid fever and high death rates in cities turned the nations attention to contaminated water supplies.  In 1912, Congress enacted a law authorizing the Public Health Service to investigate pollution of waterways and streams, which led to safer drinking water, drastically reducing incidents of typhoid.     

Typhoid is still common in third world countries, affecting an average of 21.5 million people annually, leading to 200,000 deaths.  Today in the United States, an average of 5,700 cases of typhoid are reported annually, of which 75% of cases are attributed to recent travel to developing nations–particularly to Asia, Africa and Latin America. 

Travelers can reduce the risk of typhoid fever through vaccination (which is 50% to 80% effective), drinking only bottled carbonated water, avoiding ice in drinks, pop cycles, shaved ice, raw vegetables and fruit or eating meals that are not served hot and steaming.  

Typhoid Fever is caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacteria, which is spread through sewage contaminated by the bacteria that contaminates bodies of water used for drinking, cooking or washing.  The spread of typhoid in third world countries is often caused by poor hygiene such as infrequently washing hands and the use of water that has been contaminated with sewage.  Typhoid is transferred from human to human, but it can be spread by flying insects that feed on contaminated feces.  

Symptoms of typhoid are a sustained fever of 103 to 104 degrees, stomach pain, weakness, headaches and a bloody nose, which occurs in approximately 25% of cases  It is possible for a rash of flat, rose colored spots to appear on the body of someone infected with typhoid. 

It is rare, but possible, for people who have been treated for typhoid Fever to be carriers, even after treatment.  However, this is closely monitored in industrial nations.  During treatment, a person infected with typhoid should not prepare or serve food and should frequently wash their hands with antibacterial soap and water to avoid passing the infection on to others.  Without treatment, typhoid has a fatality rate of between a 12% to 30%.  

Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics, but when treatment is delayed, complications such as intestinal perforations and hemorrhage can occur, which leads to a much higher mortality rate.  

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Has existing and emerging diseases had you second-guessing overseas or intercontinental travel?  Are you preparing for a time when safe water and sanitation treatment facilities may be  compromised? Please sound off by commenting below.

God bless and stay safe,

David Morris and Survival Diva

 

Comments

  1. Henry Alford says:

    I was taught better from the county nurse in Florida as a 12 year old. In the Army, while attending CBR School this data or information was reinforced. So what the CDC is not true, they have no idea, and no real plan.

  2. paul budrunas says:

    About a year ago, the wife and I went on a cruise to the western Caribbean for a week that departed from the port of New Orleans. When we returned to New Orleans, we went thru US Customs. My wife mistakenly presented the Customs officer with her disabled daughter’s photo ID and the Customs officer waved us thru back into the USA. The two women bear no resemblance to each other at all. No medical screening of any sort was performed. Just sayin’…..

  3. notforsale says:

    I haven’t traveled out of the US over the past two years. On that vacation, I was wondering where the health department was when I was REQUIRED to take off my shoes while going through security? I have always heard that most parasites enter through the bottom of your feet. Rather or not that is true, I did not feel good about taking off my shoes and walking through the area in my bare feet. But hey – it’s the law . . . even if it makes no sense!

  4. As most have heard by now, one of the hospital workers where Mr Duncan died in Dallas has now been confirmed to have Ebola. And, from the reports, she wore all the right protective gear www.theblaze.com/stories/2014/10/12/the-texas-nurse-who-contracted-ebola-was-wearing-a-protective-suit-shes-not-the-first-western-health-professional-to-have-a-suit-fail-her/

    There seems to be something special about this virus where all the best PPE (personal protective equipment) fails to protect some of those who use it. No, I don’t just blame it on an inadvertent wipe of the nose or eyes with a contaminated hand. I’ve worked in complete PPEs in far less infective situations, and NO ONE wipes their nose or eyes with contaminated hand until they are completely decontaminated. There’s something we are missing here.

    As for how infective the virus is outside the body, a former head of the CDC said on TV last night that, under ideal circumstances, the virus on open surfaces can remain infective for up to SIX DAYS!

    • Survival Diva says:

      Bob R,
      What you’ve shared here has been on my mind as well. It just doesn’t add up.

    • Michelle O'Neal-Prud Homme says:
      • Michelle;

        That is a fascinating article, and at this point, I have a lot more confidence in info coming from Canada than from our own CDC. However, I failed to see where it stated that the virus could remain infective outside the body for upwards of 21 days. The only reference to 21 days I found was where it stated that the incubation period was from 2 to 21 days. The incubation period (ie, time from exposure to the microorganism to presentation of symptoms) is NOT the same as the survival time outside the host period.

        One statement I found particularly disquieting in the article stated “Viral hemorrhagic fevers have an infectious dose of 1 – 10 organisms by aerosol in non-human primates.” This means that as little as ONE virus particle has the potential to cause the disease! Normally, it takes thousands to millions of viral particles or bacteria to bring about a particular disease. For Ebola, this is insanely low, and demonstrates just how infectious Ebola is.

        Another disturbing statement was “Ebolavirus has been isolated from semen 61 to 82 days after the onset of illness, and transmission through semen has occurred 7 weeks after clinical recovery.” This means that any males who become infected with the virus and subsequently “recover” are nevertheless potentially infective of others with whom they have sexual contact for upwards of 2 MONTHS post-recovery. We MUST rethink our quarantine procedures, which would include possibly prolonged quarantine of sexually active males for several months following disappearance of symptoms.

        Follow CDC advice and guidelines at your own risk, and the risk of the country!

  5. All these viruses,and others are destroyed by the original (1893) nano particle silver compound. All preppers need it for themselves and family!

    • Glen;

      I would like to see your reference to what you claim, specifically as it relates to the Ebola virus. I seriously doubt that what you claim “All viruses…….” has been substantiated. As a (now retired) PhD in biochemistry, I will accept only a hard scientific study to validate what you claim.

  6. left coast chuck says:

    Should have read “. . .the black plague was responsible for breaking the strangle hold . . .”

  7. Joseph-Lee Morehouse says:

    I have seen first hand what different diseases can do to people over the years what surprises me more than anything is the lack of common sense and basic knowledge on health issues . Your article is very helpful and I find these comments helpful as well . Thank you

  8. Please research antibacterial soap and you will find it only kills certain bugs and creates superbugs. Colloidal silver and soaps with rosemary or lavender work naturally to kill bugs w no harmful side effects.

  9. David, Bet you’re missing Texas. Our air purifiers are certified to kill these. Check the web-site to see the test results from Kansas State University and University of Cincinatti research. God Bless, Ken

  10. It would seem that if you are forced to travel for your job, and have to go thru an international hub, you should receive hazard pay for having to put yourself at risk for potentially coming into contact with these new strains of Ebola.
    It almost seems that there is no way to sufficiently sanitize the inside of planes between flights.
    Further, if the majority of business travelers refused to fly until there is a more aggressive approach to screening and stopping flights from coming into the U.S., you’d see how fast they would act to protect American citizens. Then again, maybe not…? “Never let a crisis go to waste”.

    • Survival Diva says:

      C.O.D.
      I wonder how many have refused job-related travel? It’s being underreported how many are leaving healthcare related jobs right now because of Ebola and other communicable diseases. If the health of the country doesn’t get officials attention, a hit to our economy may. Let’s hope they wake up and do the right thing.

      • I think all of our first responders could be at risk. In my town firefighters are usually the first responders for medical emergencies as well as fire.That is very worrisome. Seems we need to be screening people coming in more than particular flights since those with contageous disease may be arriving from connections in Europe or other places that appear “safe. I think anyone who has arriving from affected countries should be quarantined for 21 days upon arrival. Also anyone who has a recent visa stamp from an affected country should be quarantined for 21 days. Certainly taking temperatures is not very effective. All arrivals from overseas do have to go thru customs at the port of entry into the US, and passports do get checked so this would be pretty easy to do. We have NO protection from other diseases coming in with illegals over our Southern border, There is no doubt that ebola is starting to have an effect on US companies. I read that one of our oil companies has suspended it’s operations in Liberia for an indefinite period of time. I suspect they took this action because employees were refusing to go. Problems with ebola and the other diseases you list is that many of them present with similar symptoms, especially early on. Thanks for the article on Ebola and saving lives with natural allopathic medicine. I think we need all the information we can get to protect our own health. It is obvious we can’t just wait for the government to help. Hospitals could easily become overwhelmed in a pandemic. Even in good times some of these diseases are spread in hospitals because health care providers are using hand sanitizers rather than soap and water to disinfect between patients,

  11. Thank you for this important information on how we can go about being prepared It empowers me with knowledge

  12. In last week’s discussion, many posters recommended using either bleach or peroxide to sanitize surfaces of potentially contaminated items. Although it is more expensive, look into purchasing a gallon bottle of Microban (see for example www.jondon.com/microban-germicidal-cleaner-concentrate-was-microban-qgc-1.html). It has been successfully tested against almost all “nasty” bacteria and viruses. Use a dilution of 2 oz/gallon for non-porous surfaces, 4 oz per gallon to disinfect protective clothing, or soak porous items in a dilution of 8 oz/gallon. Try to avoid direct skin contact with either the concentrate (especially) or the diluted solution. It needs to sit on whatever is being decontaminated for at least 10 minutes (wet) to be effective. No, I’m NOT affiliated with either the folks who make or who sell the stuff. I am associated with a cleanup company that uses it regularly on all sorts of infectious “stuff”. Unopened, it has an indefinite shelf-life. The diluted solutions can be stored in a closed container for a few weeks.

    Something like Microban should be effective as a cleaning agent for all the bugs listed in this article (and hopefully Ebola). There may well be other products that are as effective, but I’m not aware of them.

    • Survival Diva says:

      Bob R,

      Thanks for sharing this info.

    • I forgot to mention that Microban needs to be sprayed on surfaces to be disinfected, using an ordinary garden-type pump sprayer. Unlike with bleach, DO NOT disinfect drinking water with Microban or you will likely use up your stashed supply of toilet paper!

  13. I see the 8 drops of bleach per gallon of water formula often. I presume that is the bleach you used to be able to buy. Now most of it says it is concentrated. If all you can buy is concentrated bleach, does that change the amount of bleach you would use to decontaminate water? Would it hurt if you were to use the same formula and get a bit of extra bleach?

  14. Robert Trail says:

    Of the cruise lines we’ve been on lately, Holland America is the most sanitation conscious; they serve the buffet for the first several days and do not shake hands. they also not only have handwashing stations everywhere, they have staff at the entrances to food-serving places with sprayers.

  15. I know some of us see a conspiracy under every rock but you have to wonder whether this is all been planned by elites to depopulate the world or create martial law especially with the 2014 stone added to the guidestones this year and our border security being attacked etc.

    • left coast chuck says:

      If depopulation of the world is the aim of “elites”, they should study history. The black plague that wracked Europe, the Middle East and Asia was an equal opportunity killer. That is the problem with disease entities. You don’t know where and whom they will strike.

      In addition, the black plague was responsible for the strangle hold that the elite had on serfs/peasant, unlanded poor people. After the black plague drastically reduced populations in Europe, wages rose dramatically as workers were in such short demand that they found freedom to move from village to village in search of high wages. If the aim of “elites” is to rid the world of excess population, that will break the strangle-hold on minimum wage around the world. When you are the only auto mechanic for 250 miles, you pretty much can charge whatever you want to get the car on the road. Just substitute whatever trade you want. Plumbing stopped up? We charge $500 for a service call. Labor after arrival is extra at $600 an hour billed in ten minute increments. You won’t pay it? Sure you will if you plumbing is overflowing onto the floor.

      • Catherine F says:

        Well Chuck, I sure hope your wrong about the possibility of so many people taking advantage of others. I think it’s reprehensible to do such a thing, especially if there are catastrophic circumstances. I own a business and have decided that gouging wallets for my service something I will not do.

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