It’s Getting Real: What To Advise Family & Friends

Welcome to this week’s newsletter, brought to you by the Survive In Place Urban Survival Course.  The first, and still best, guide to get you prepared to survive short and medium term disasters in your current home, whether it’s because of a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or pandemic.  To learn more, go >HERE< now.

And, if you need the fastest possible way to get prepared for short to medium disasters, you need the Fastest Way To Prepare Course.

Have you noticed a certain change of attitude with family members and friends with regard to  prepping?  Are you suddenly being asked for advice about food and water storage, prep goods, self defense and medical supplies?

I’ve got to say, I was surprised when the sale of Ebola “gear” started flying off the shelves.  Tyvek suits, N-95 and N-100 masks, protective goggles and nitrile gloves are getting harder and harder to find.

Of course, all the press about Ebola is hard to ignore, but even so, the fact that people are shelling out hard cash to prep for a possible outbreak points to the fact that many are waking from their stupor.

If this sudden interest in self-preservation grows legs and moves from reaction to action, there will be fewer desperate for a way to survive.  That’s a good thing.

So, what do you advise someone who has woken up to the reality that meals on wheels won’t be knocking on their door three times a day with a hot meal and their continued health may be left to them to figure out?  Today’s post is a compilation of what will be needed for self-sufficiency. It isn’t everything.  That would take a book.  but it covers a lot of the necessities.  Today’s post is long.  But better to have a list to hand a budding prepper than to spend weeks explaining everything.

Build Your Medical Supplies: Just The Basics

Basic Medical supplies are another must.  But basic doesn’t really cut it while Ebola becomes a growing reality.  The list below is from a previous post. Level 2 and 3 medical supplies are included in the original post.

  • 4inch X 4inch Sterile Gauze Pads
  • Band Aids—Get plenty in assorted sizes!
  • Non-Adherent Sterile Pads (Both Sterile to protect wounds and larger to wrap wounds)
  • Isopropyl Alcohol
  • Hydrogen Peroxide (For cleaning wounds and can be used as a gargle for tooth abscess)
  • Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar (Yeast infection, stomach upset and more)
  • Ibuprofen (Fever reducer & helps to control inflammation)
  • Aspirin
  • Children’s Fever Reducer
  • Tylenol (Fever reducer)
  • Benadryl (Treatment for nausea, insomnia, allergy)
  • Penlight Flashlight (To check for sore throat & pupil dilation with head trauma)
  • Surgical Tape
  • Feminine Pads (Can also be used as economical bandaging for larger wounds)
  • Mucinex (Helps reduce upper respiratory infection & the chance of pneumonia)
  • Triple Antibiotic Ointment (Helps to control infection of wounds)
  • Hydrocortisone Cream (For treatment of rashes, poison oak and poison ivy, etc.)
  • Butt Paste (Treatment for chafing)
  • Non-latex Examination Gloves (Helps to avoid cross-contamination)
  • Instant Cold Packs (Used for relief of sprains)
  • Thermometer–Both Adult and Children
  • Ace Wraps

Ebola Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) & An Important Update

  • Full face respirator

  • Tyvek coveralls with hood

  • Nitrile gloves

  • Disposable shoe covers

  • Disposable hair nets

  • Duct tape to secure gloves

  • Bleach or hydrogen peroxide & spray bottle to sterilize PPE and contaminated surfaces

Food: Just The Basics–1 Year Supply Per Person

Someone new to food storage may be overwhelmed by the amount of food required for a one year supply.  But it can be built upon, one month at a time. The goal of a one years food supply provides time for a garden to begin to produce.

No matter what is recommended on a food calculator, selections should be made based upon what a person or a family will actually eat.

Click Here for my favorite food storage calculator.  What I love about this particular calculator is it’s the only one I’ve been able to find that includes fruits and vegetables.

Over time, extras can be added to food storage for variety.  For my large family group, I have added ingredients to make pizza, Mexican, and Italian meals and seafood dishes.  They will only be served a few times a week (I’m NOT Rockefeller), but by changing up meal times, it avoids Appetite Fatigue which can occur when eating the same or similar meals day after day.  Children and the elderly are most susceptible to appetite fatigue, and it can lead to their choosing to go hungry.

Add comfort foods, canned meat, chicken and fish as money allows.

Caloric requirements will be higher in a SHTF scenario because of the increased workload we’ll be faced with.  For this reason, purchasing items like tuna or sardines packed in oil rather than water is advised.

One Year Food Storage-Per Person

  • Cornmeal or Whole Corn (whole corn can be ground for cornmeal)-25 lbs.

  • Flour-20 lbs.

  • Oats, Rolled-25 lbs.

  • Pasta-25 lbs.

  • Rice, White (brown has a shorter shelf life)-50 lbs.

  • Wheat-150 lbs.

  • Beans (Buy a variety-including split peas & lentils)-60 lbs.

  • Fruit (*dehydrated, *freeze-dried, canned or fresh)-185 lbs.

  • Vegetables (*dehydrated, *freeze-dried, canned or fresh)-185 lbs.

  • Peanut Butter-4 lbs.

  • Shortening-4 lbs.

  • Mayonnaise (Mayo packets can be purchased at restaurant suppliers)-2 quarts

  • Cooking Oil- 2 gallons

  • Salad Dressing (bottled or dry packet)-1 quart

  • Powdered Milk-60 lbs.

  • Canned Milk-12 lbs.

  • Powdered/*Fresh eggs & *Cheese-13 lbs.

  • Honey-3 lbs.

  • Sugar-40 lbs.

  • Brown Sugar-3 lbs.

  • Molasses-1 lb.

  • Corn Syrup-3 lbs.

  • Jam/Jelly-3 lbs.

  • Powdered Fruit Drink-6 lbs.

  • Baking Powder-1 lb.

  • Baking Soda-1 lb.

  • Yeast-.5 lb.

  • *Salt-5 lbs.

  • Vinegar-.5 lbs.

  • Tuna Fish-60 cans

  • *Water-14 gallons

* The 185 pounds suggested for fruit and vegetables will need to be calculated for dehydrated and freeze-dried.

* If you’re interested in preserving eggs, unrefrigerated,  check out this previous post Store Eggs Long-Term Without Refrigeration!

* To store cheese without refrigeration, check out the post Is Survival REALLY survival Without Cheese and Homemade Bread?

* There’s NO such thing as storing too much salt.  It has many uses, not the least of which is its bartering leverage.

* The 14 gallons of water included in the basic food list is a bare minimum for a two week storage.  It is preferable to store much more!

Note: Formula and baby food should be added to the basic food list when applicable.

Top 50 Must-Haves

The “must-haves” listed below came from a previous post, Top 50 Preparedness Items (and why).  I’ve removed the descriptors to keep today’s post manageable, but you may want to read the original.

Now when you’re asked, “Where do I start?” you can point them here.  It’ll save hours of your time.

1. Water Purifier

2. Water Containers

3. Wood Matches, Flint-Style Fire Starter Kit & Plenty of Matches

4. Buckets

5. Bleach or Hypochlorite Granules

6. Flashlight, Headlamp

7. Toilet Paper

8. Alternative Cooking Device

9. Dutch Oven

10. Solar Oven

11. Manual Wheat Grinder

12. Heavy-Duty Pull Cart

13. Hatchet, Ax, and Maul

14. Tree-Felling Ax

15. Rope

16. Tarps

17. Manual Can Opener(s)

18. Heirloom Garden Seed

19. Garden Tools: Gloves, Shovel, Spade, Hoe, Rake, Spading Fork, Hand Fork, Pruners, Pick Ax

20. Wheelbarrow

21. Canning Supplies

22. Wash Tub, Clothes Pens, Hand Agitator & Wringer Mop Bucket

23. Emergency Long-Burning Candles

24. Oil Lamps, Replacement Wicks, Replacement Chimneys

25. ABC Fire Extinguisher

26. Board Games & Cards UrbanSurvivalPlayingCards.com

27. Children’s Crafts & Activities, if applicable

28. Camp Toilet

29. Wood-Burning Heat Stove, if applicable

30. Fuel: Wood, Propane, Gasoline, Propane, Diesel

31. Heavy-Mil Plastic Sheeting

32. Basic Tools & Misc: Work Gloves, Hammer, Screwdrivers (assorted sizes), Philips Screwdrivers (assorted sizes), Allen Wrench set (both American and metric), Pliers (assorted sizes), Plumbers Wrench, Crow Bar, Key-Hole Saw (to cut holes when there is no power), Tape Measure, T-Square, Wood Miter Box, Wire, Bungee Cords (assorted), Hand Saw, Nuts, Washers, Nails, Screws, Duct Tape.

33. Basic Auto-Repair Tools

34. Plywood & 2 X 4’s

35. Snake Bite Kit

36. Wind-Up or Solar Powered Radio

37. Two-Way Radios

38. NiMH Rechargeable Batteries & Solar Charger

39. Swiss Army Knife

40. Hunting Knife

41. Binoculars

42. Weapons

43. Ammo

44. Fishing Gear

45. Topographical Maps

46. Compass

47. Backpack

48. Camp Gear: Tent, Sleeping Bag, Folding Shovel, Tarp, Camp Cookware & Dishes, Hikers Water Purifier, Water Bottle/Canteen, Backpack w/ Survival Essentials.

49. Reference Books: Gardening, Seed-Saving, First Aid, Self-Defense, Wilderness Survival, Food Dehydration, Food Storage-Related Cookbooks, Dutch Oven Cookbooks, and Meat Curing

50. Alternative Transportation: Bicycle

Bathing, Hygiene  & Laundry Products

This final check-list are basic must-haves from a recent post, Keeping It Clean.

Bathing & Hygiene Products

  • Body Soap
  • Toothbrush
  • Toothpaste
  • Dental Floss
  • Shampoo
  • Cream Rinse
  • Body Lotion
  • Moisturizer
  • Razor
  • Shaving Cream
  • Washtub for Laundry & Bathing
  • Camp Toilet/Materials to Build an Outhouse

Laundry

  • Laundry Soap*
  • Clothes Line
  • Clothespins
  • Washboard or Manual Agitator (Check Lehmans & Amazon)
  • Washtub (see above)
  • Wringer-Style Mop Pail/Antique Wringer-Washing Machine/Manual Clothes Wringer

*Here’s an excellent solution to keep down the cost of laundry soap and limited storage space–visit the Duggar’s Favorite Recipes: Homemade Liquid Laundry Soap.

For the fastest, simplest, and most inexpensive way to get prepared for a short to medium term disaster in 72 hours or less, you want to check out the Fastest Way To Prepare course by going >Here<

Do you have friends or loved ones who are waking up and are in need of this compilation of prepping must-haves?  Do you have any recommendations to add?  Please sound off by commenting below.  

God bless and stay safe,

David Morris and Survival Diva

 

 

Ebola & Other Infectious Disease

Welcome to this week’s newsletter, brought to you by the Survive In Place Urban Survival Course.  The first, and still best, guide to get you prepared to survive short and medium term disasters in your current home, whether it’s because of a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or pandemic.  To learn more, go >HERE< now. 

Updates on Ebola include the passing of Thomas Eric Duncan who died of complications of the Ebola virus on Wednesday, October 8.  Duncan, as I’m sure you are already aware, was a Liberian who traveled to Dallas, Texas, fell ill with the virus and subsequently became the first diagnosed case of Ebola in the United States

Last week reader comments on the spread of Ebola indicated many are concerned about continued air travel from Ebola stricken hot zones in West Africa.  David and I have voiced the same opinion.  On Tuesday, October 2, the Los Angeles Times published an article written by David William, titled: Some Ebola experts worry virus may spread more easily than assumed

. . . which highlights the potential risk to air travelers and caregivers when the latest strain of Ebola has not been studied sufficiently to understand its transmission.

The article points out that someone who has contracted Ebola and wishes to seek medical care outside the belabored hot zones has options; apparently ones that have not been considered by CDC officials, as reflected in the following excerpt.  

One hundred percent of the individuals getting on planes are screened for fever before they get on the plane,” Friedan said Sept. 30. “And if they have a fever, they are pulled out of the line, assessed for Ebola, and don’t fly unless Ebola is ruled out.”

Individuals who have flown recently from one or more of the affected countries suggested that travelers could easily subvert the screening procedures — and might have incentive to do so: Compared with the depleted medical resources in the West African countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, the prospect of hospital care in the U.S. may offer an Ebola-exposed person the only chance to survive.

A person could pass body temperature checks performed at the airports by taking ibuprofen or any common analgesic. And prospective passengers have much to fear from identifying themselves as sick, said Kim Beer, a resident of Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, who is working to get medical supplies into the country to cope with Ebola.

“It is highly unlikely that someone would acknowledge having a fever, or simply feeling unwell,” Beer said via email. “Not only will they probably not get on the flight — they may even be taken to/required to go to a ‘holding facility’ where they would have to stay for days until it is confirmed that it is not caused by Ebola. That is just about the last place one would want to go.”

* * *

On Tuesday, October 7, reporter Elodie Cuzin writes for AFP, Ebola contagion in Spain raises fears for EuropeThe following is an excerpt. 

Madrid (AFP) – Fears grew Tuesday that the Ebola epidemic was spreading outside Africa after three more people were isolated in Spain following the infection of a nurse in a Madrid hospital.

The EU demanded answers about how the disease could have spread in Spain’s most specialist unit treating Ebola where the nurse cared for two elderly Spanish missionaries who died from the virus after being flown home from west Africa.

* * *  

Although Ebola should be watched closely, and prepared for, there are other diseases we should be aware of.

As David discussed in this article >HERE< there are several diseases coming across the US southern border right now, including MRSA (drug resistant staph), scabies, chicken pox, polio, tuberculosis, measles, dengue fever, leprosy, H1N1, chikungunya, and possibly more, including and Enterovirus 68.

Today’s post will cover enterovirus, MRSA, chikungunya, and H1Ni that are being brought into the U.S. through our porous borders, as well as several diseases that could flare up should our healthcare system break down.

Having a healthy immune system can help you avoid the flu and other diseases.  David goes into detail in Urban Survival Guide, but for now I’ll highlight some of what he included in his lesson series.

One of the easiest ways to stay healthy is free!  Spend 15 minutes a day in the sun, without sunscreen, for vitamin D.   Avoid sugar and processed food, get plenty of rest, de-stress through prayer or meditation, exercise,  eat fish for omega 3 or take high quality fish oil or krill oil,  wash your hands thoroughly throughout the day, and eat garlic often if you are able to. 

Taking probiotics, echinacea, and astragalus will help boost your immune system.  Limit caffeine and don’t smoke.  Use a paper towel when opening a bathroom door after washing and drying your hands and carry your own pen to sign documents to avoid being exposed. 

Enterovisus D68

There is currently an outbreak of enterovirus D68 that is associated with severe respiratory illness, specifically in children. From mid august to October 9, 2014, 678 cases of enterovirus have been reported in 46 states, which has led to 5 deaths.  Currently the U.S. does not have a vaccine for the enterovirus.

The CDC is investigating 10 cases in Colorado of children who were hospitalized with symptoms of  muscle weakness or paralysis in their arms or legs.  The investigation will test for poliovirus, West Nile virus, and enterovirus.  The CDC advises for parents and children to wash hands frequently with soap and water, stay away from sick people, and disinfect objects that a sick person has touched. The virus can be spread by touching or shaking the hand of someone with the virus, touching objects or surfaces that have the virus on them, and changing the diapers of an infected child.  The virus can be spread by a cough or sneeze. Washing hands thoroughly with soap and water before touching the eyes, nose or mouth will reduce contracting the virus.  Nursing mothers who suspect they have contracted the enterovirus should seek medical advice.  

The following was taken from the CDC on the treatment of the enterovirus:

  • There is no specific treatment for people with respiratory illness caused by EV-D68.
  • For mild respiratory illness, you can help relieve symptoms by taking over-the-counter medications for pain and fever. Aspirin should not be given to children.
  • Some people with severe respiratory illness may need to be hospitalized.
  • There are no antiviral medications currently available for people who become infected with EV-D68.

 MRSA

Incidents of MRSA (Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) has increased in the U.S.  In 2011, the CDC reported 80,500 MRSA cases, but it’s estimated this represents only 20% of hospital related cases, and even fewer of clinic visits due to the lack of reporting. 

MSA can cause painful skin, boils, scalded-skin syndrome and impetigo and was once often contracted in hospital and healthcare facilities, however MRSA infection is on the increase in communities.  

The following can lead to MRSA infection: physical contact with someone with a draining cut or sore or someone who is a carrier of MRSA, IV drug use, sharing towels, uniforms, razors, or other personal items that hasn’t been washed, living in unsanitary conditions, contact sports, crowded conditions such as schools, prisons, military barracks, or homeless shelters is also attributed to the spread of MRSA. MRSA cases have been reported after swimming in fresh water and salt water.

Recently, there have been reports of rare strain of MRSA that causes bloodstream infections and pneumonia, which is 5 times more lethal than other strains and is sometimes resistant to antibiotics.  

The best way to avoid MRSA is by washing hands thoroughly throughout the day, and avoid direct contact with anyone who is infected.

Chikungunya Virus 

Chikungunya virus is crossing the border at an alarming rate.  From 2006 to 2013 there were an average of 28 cases of chikungunya reported in the US.  There have been over 1300 so far this year which occurred in over 40 states.

The symptoms of chikungunya are headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, and rash.  Chikungunya does not typically lead to death, but newborns, adults over 65 and those with preexisting medical conditions are at higher risk.

Chikungunya is spread by mosquito bites and can be transferred from a mosquito biting someone infected and then infecting a person who is bitten by the same mosquito. There is no medicine available for chikungunya, but getting plenty of rest, drinking fluids and taking medicines such as inuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophen, or paracetamol will help alleviate fever and pain. 

Smallpox 

Although there hasn’t been a reported case of smallpox in the U.S. since 1949, it still remains a threat, because as of 2014, nearly 50% of Americans have not had a smallpox vaccination–which isn’t necessarily a choice, as the smallpox vaccine hasn’t been produced since 1980.  

Considering that Russia’s former deputy director of the Soviet Union’s civilian bio weapons program, Ken Alibek, admitted the Soviet government produced the smallpox virus in large quantities to adapt it for use in bombs and intercontinental ballistic weapons, the threat of smallpox is still a definite threat.  By international agreement, the lion’s share of the smallpox virus from the Soviets is being stored at CDC Atlanta headquarters. . . as well as Moscow. 

The following in an excerpt found in a CDC report, Smallpox: Clinical and Epidemiologic Features,  by D. A. Henderson: 

“However, as reported by the former deputy director of the Russian Bioweapons Program, officials of the former Soviet Union took notice of the world’s decision in 1980 to cease smallpox vaccination, and in the atmosphere of the cold war, they embarked on an ambitious plan to produce smallpox virus in large quantities and use it as a weapon. At least two other laboratories in the former Soviet Union are now reported to maintain smallpox virus, and one may have the capacity to produce the virus in tons at least monthly. Moreover, Russian biologists, like physicists and chemists, may have left Russia to sell their services to rogue governments.”

You may also want to read the study: Smallpox as a Biological Weapon–Medical and Public Health Management.

Smallpox is a viral disease specific to humans that has led to an estimated 300 to 500 million deaths worldwide since 10,000 BC.  In the United States, 100,000 cases of smallpox cases were reported in 1921, but by 1939, fewer than 50 Americans died each year of the disease due to the widespread use of preventive vaccines.  Many who survived smallpox suffered disfiguring pockmarks, blindness, and   in some cases, it led to infertility in males.  The disease is spread through the air by bodily fluids such as a cough or sneeze, is highly contagious, and has a fatality rate of 30 to 40%.   

The incubation period of smallpox is 12 to 14 days.  The sufferer of Smallpox is not contagious to others until the following symptoms appear: fever, discomfort, headache, fatigue, severe back pain and vomiting.  At the onset of symptoms,  the sufferer is mildly contagious to others.  It isn’t until the tell-tale smallpox rash appears on a the skin, which fill with fluid, that smallpox is the most contagious.  Until all smallpox scabs fall off, Smallpox patients remain contagious to others. 

Influenza H1N1 

Influenza ravaged the globe during the Great Influenza of 1918 (sometimes referred to as the Spanish Flu).  The death toll was estimated to be between 50 to 100 million worldwide, which took place in the span of one year until it ran its course. 

It is thought that an estimated 10 to 20 percent of those who were infected with the 1918 influenza died,  This strain of Influenza, H1N1 Avian Influenza A Virus, is believed to have come from birds, which mutated to pigs at a major troop staging and hospital in France near the end of World War 1.  

Since that time, H1N1 has become a reassorant–meaning it is now a mix of swine, bird and human flu viruses.  Some call it “Swine Flu’, others “Bird Flu”.  Many times, it’s refereed to as “H1N1 swine flu virus”, or just H1N1.  Confusing, to say the least!

A different strain, H7N9 bird flu occurred in China between March 31 through April 30, 2013, that led to 126 reported cases.  Influenza viruses mutate from flu season to flu season.   

Influenza virus can be type A or type B, of which type A has more severe symptoms that include fever, headache, dry cough, fatigue, muscle aches, sore throat and a runny nose.  Influenza is highly contagious, in part due to a  24 to 36 hours incubation period and because those infected with influenza can infect others one day before any symptoms occur and remain contagious from five to seven days after symptoms appear.   

In the United States, just one flu season can lead to 200,000 hospitalizations and up to 36,000 fatalities. 

Note: David’s recommendations can help you boost your immune system and avoid catching the flu.

Malaria 

It’s difficult to believe that in this day of modern technology, malaria continues to kill an average of 2 million people each year.   Sadly, children under the age of 5 and pregnant women are at highest risk.   

Malaria is transmitted by bite of the female Anopheles mosquito that transfers parasites via its saliva into the blood of humans.  The symptoms of malaria are fever, fatigue, chills, nausea and  vomiting,  which typically exhibits between ten to fifteen days.  Severe cases can lead to yellow skin, seizures, coma and death. If not treated, malaria can re-occur. 

The CDC continues to monitor malaria in the United States since it was successfully interrupted in the 1950′s, but because the Anopheles mosquito still exists in the U.S., the risk remains.  

Currently the hardest-hit areas for malaria are Africa and Asia–particularly in India and south-east Asia.

(David’s note:  One important thing to note is that mosquito abatement programs exist in most counties across the US and the active spraying for mosquitoes throughout the year helps tremendously with mosquito borne illnesses.  It would be great not to have all of those pesticides used, but the reduction in mosquitoes and the reduction in mosquito borne illnesses is worth it in most people’s minds.

And, remember, if there’s a catastrophic economic and/or grid disaster, mosquito abatement will go away.)

Cholera

The lack of treatment of drinking water and the safe disposal and treatment of human feces is directly attributed to cholera outbreak.  No geographical location is immune to cholera unless these needs are met.  In the early 1900′s, New York City suffered reoccurring cholera outbreaks as its population was  exposed to traders arriving from far-off ports, and city officials struggled with the safe disposal of refuse.  Added to the problem was the lack of medical understanding of the cause of cholera.

Since the advent of sewage treatment, chorea had been eradicated in the United States and other industrialized nations.

Cholera continues to effect between 3 to 5 million people each year, leading to 100,000 to 130,00 deaths, occurring most commonly in Africa, Southeast Asia and Haiti.  Soon after the 2010 Haitian earthquake, cases of cholera began to be reported, which ultimately led to 470,000 cases and 6,631 deaths, as reported by the CDC.  Since then, clean water has been restored to most of the Haitian people and the outbreak was reduced to below the WHO 1% standard.    

Cholera is caused by Vi bro cholera, a bacterium that secretes toxin in the small intestines, which can cause rapid loss of fluid.  It is spread by ingesting water or eating food that has been contaminated with fecal waste.  Infections can be mild, but around 5% of people exposed to cholera can have symptoms of sudden watery diarrhea, muscle cramps, thirst, vomiting and dehydration.  

Treatment of cholera is done by administering fluids and electrolytes which can be given orally or through I.V.  A short-term vaccine, once taken by travelers, is no longer available in the Untied States. However, antibiotics can be administered to someone with cholera, as well as those living in close proximity to someone who is infected.

During a cholera outbreak, water can be treated by boiling it for at least one full minute.  Another method is to use household bleach at a rate of 8 drops for each gallon of water.  The safe disposal of feces by burying it well away from a water source is a must to avoid cholera from contaminating water sources, and to avoid its spread through flying insects that can transmit contaminated fecal material.  Peel vegetables and fruit and do not eat raw food, including raw or undercooked shellfish.  Wash hands often with antibacterial soap to stop the spread of the disease.

Typhoid Fever 

Between 1918 and 1922 three million lost their lives to typhoid fever worldwide. In the United states, massive outbreaks of typhoid fever and high death rates in cities turned the nations attention to contaminated water supplies.  In 1912, Congress enacted a law authorizing the Public Health Service to investigate pollution of waterways and streams, which led to safer drinking water, drastically reducing incidents of typhoid.     

Typhoid is still common in third world countries, affecting an average of 21.5 million people annually, leading to 200,000 deaths.  Today in the United States, an average of 5,700 cases of typhoid are reported annually, of which 75% of cases are attributed to recent travel to developing nations–particularly to Asia, Africa and Latin America. 

Travelers can reduce the risk of typhoid fever through vaccination (which is 50% to 80% effective), drinking only bottled carbonated water, avoiding ice in drinks, pop cycles, shaved ice, raw vegetables and fruit or eating meals that are not served hot and steaming.  

Typhoid Fever is caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacteria, which is spread through sewage contaminated by the bacteria that contaminates bodies of water used for drinking, cooking or washing.  The spread of typhoid in third world countries is often caused by poor hygiene such as infrequently washing hands and the use of water that has been contaminated with sewage.  Typhoid is transferred from human to human, but it can be spread by flying insects that feed on contaminated feces.  

Symptoms of typhoid are a sustained fever of 103 to 104 degrees, stomach pain, weakness, headaches and a bloody nose, which occurs in approximately 25% of cases  It is possible for a rash of flat, rose colored spots to appear on the body of someone infected with typhoid. 

It is rare, but possible, for people who have been treated for typhoid Fever to be carriers, even after treatment.  However, this is closely monitored in industrial nations.  During treatment, a person infected with typhoid should not prepare or serve food and should frequently wash their hands with antibacterial soap and water to avoid passing the infection on to others.  Without treatment, typhoid has a fatality rate of between a 12% to 30%.  

Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics, but when treatment is delayed, complications such as intestinal perforations and hemorrhage can occur, which leads to a much higher mortality rate.  

* * *

Has existing and emerging diseases had you second-guessing overseas or intercontinental travel?  Are you preparing for a time when safe water and sanitation treatment facilities may be  compromised? Please sound off by commenting below.

God bless and stay safe,

David Morris and Survival Diva

 

Ebola: First US Diagnosis of Ebola Amidst Growing Concern

Welcome to this week's newsletter, brought to you by the Survive In Place Urban Survival Course.  The first, and still best, guide to get you prepared to survive short and medium term disasters in your current home, whether it's because of a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or pandemic.  To learn more, go >HERE< now. (David's note:  There's a serious mix of information in this post...both news reports from Barbara (Diva) on the man who flew to Dallas with Ebola as well as several … Continue reading...

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Video Showing Why Police Can’t Protect You

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Are You Really Prepared For Grid-Down Cooking?

Dakota_Firepit

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Recent Ebola Developments: What We Need To Know

Welcome to this week's newsletter, brought to you by former Force Recon Marine, Chris Graham's 30-10 At-Home Pistol Training Program--Guaranteed to put you in the top 10% of all shooters in the next 30 days.  Learn more now by going >HERE< Since the recent post, Ebola: How It Spread & Ways To Protect Yourself, there have been new developments and reports on the Ebola virus that we need to be aware of.  Before we get started, it should be pointed out that the CDC and the WHO continue … Continue reading...

Heads Up! Today’s X-Class Flare Could Interrupt Power Grids, Satellites & Radio Transmissions

Welcome to this week's newsletter, brought to you by former Force Recon Marine, Chris Graham's 30-10 At-Home Pistol Training Program--Guaranteed to put you in the top 10% of all shooters in the next 30 days.  Learn more now by going >HERE< Friday's post is an update on the Ebola virus that you won't want to miss, but in the meantime, we wanted to post this important heads-up about an X-Class flare that occurred today.  We've managed to dodge several powerful X-Class Flares over the past … Continue reading...

Thanks Everyone! Here’s The Final Movie List, With a Few Book Recommendations As Well

Original Top 20 Apocalyptic/Survival Movie Recommendations A Boy And His Dog American Blackout--TV miniseries Amerika--TV miniseries--difficult to find--check You Tube Children Of Men I Am Legend/The Omega Man 1971-second remake and a classic/The Last Man On Earth 1964--All 3 films are based on Richard Matheson 1954 novel, titled I Am Legend.  Jericho--TV series On The Beach Red Dawn (1984 Version) The Book Of Eli The Postman The Road The Road Warrior (AKA Mad … Continue reading...

The Farmers’ Almanac Predicts A Brutal Winter: Weather It With These Top 20 Movies

Welcome to this week's newsletter, brought to you by former Force Recon Marine, Chris Graham's 30-10 At-Home Pistol Training Program--Guaranteed to put you in the top 10% of all shooters in the next 30 days.  Learn more now by going >HERE< A prepper's to-do list is always long.  But in-between filling storage shelves and surviving what is purported to be a frigid winter, we deserve a little down time.  And what better way to do that than sitting down to a movie that reminds us why we … Continue reading...